Healthcare System in India


India is experiencing a rapid urbanization phase. By 2050 we all will witness the addition of just about 900 million people to Indian cities. Thus within the coming years, the cities got to expand by almost 400 per cent so as to handle this surge.

Talking about the Indian healthcare sector, it is reinventing itself more quickly than ever, it's working to develop, innovate and modify healthcare delivery models for integrated and value-based care which will shape the longer term of healthcare.

The healthcare sector is predicted to account for around 71% of the entire revenue generated and is probably going to be followed by pharmaceuticals, and medical equipment & supplies segments with a respective share of 13% and 9%.

The India government has really worked upon in transforming the healthcare sector the initiative such as launch of ‘Ayushman Bharat’, ‘Swachh Bharat’ etc is the testimony to the transformation. However, we have a long way to go before we can call ourselves a healthy nation in entirety.

With the present governments’ cognizance on improving healthcare in India, there are a few major problems plaguing healthcare in India that the govt. ought to willingly take up. The challenges includes –

  1. Inadequate funds to healthcare - India spends only about 1.6 % of its GDP on healthcare whereas the US allocates about 100 times more.


  1. Out-of-pocket expenditure – As per the Ministry of Health, nearly 63 million people are faced with poverty per annum due to "catastrophic" expenditure they incur over healthcare. Additionally to the present, only a really small percentage of Indians have insurance policies in India. And until the proper mechanisms are put in situ , ensuring that out-of-pocket healthcare expenditure incurred by people comes down, the OOP expenditure will still disengage all the economic progress made by the Indians.


  1. Lack of infrastructure - The existing health infrastructure isn't enough to serve the requirements of the growing population of the country. The doctor-patient ratio in India is 1:1,700 which is extremely low. A study conducted by a personal body, finds that India should invest a minimum of Rs 8 lakh crore over subsequent 20 years to determine two million new beds. If the country must reach 4 beds per 1000 persons, it needs an enormous fund.
  2. Minimal importance on preventive care - Another major challenge facing Indian healthcare is that the paucity of preventive care mechanisms. the life-style choices and hectic schedule of individuals don't allow them to observe their health. This unhealthy lifestyle and stress subside to diseases like diabetes and hypertension. It’s a as long as the doctor-patient ratio in India is skewed. This makes it even more crucial to specialize in preventive healthcare. The healthcare industry shows more specialize in reactive than proactive steps. Patients are advised to ask a doctor at Docprime about preventive care.

Preventive healthcare helps to form consumers conscious of their health and make smart and consistent choices on their lifestyle, diet and general health.


  1. Less Acceptance of Technology - The whole world is becoming digitized, and hospitals and medical institutions aren't faraway. Digitization helps efficient and quick provision of treatment and services to the patients.

The government must price the services during a serious manner. Today in most of the states, health schemes of Central government don't have perfect system which actually should be supported open tender. Maybe fixing the worth within the sort of a package of services with similar processes are going to be helpful

In the UK and Thailand, 80% of services provided is by the govt Hospitals where doctors and staff salaries are fixed. In Japan, private doctors offer services supported fixed prices by the Ministry of Health in consultation with staff holders. Government ensures that there should be no overbilling by imposing stringent penalties.

We need some companies which may compile different healthcare components like doctors, hospitals, clinics, diagnostic centres together on one platform and supply home services.

Startups like PORTEA provide home care services. It says “It provides chemotherapy for 30-40% less fee than what hospital charges. the value of the drug also as admission and nursing charges are nearly Rs 25000 in a mean private hospital compared to Rs 16000 if treatment is given reception . Home care services also reduce the danger of secondary infection.

Healthcare cost comes down if the govt stops watching the poor patient as a source of revenue or some burden on taxpayers money. If a patient pays Rs 1000 for healthcare services then about Rs 250 goes to the govt as various taxes. tax exemption for the hospital as an incentive won’t reduce healthcare cost for the patient but will benefit the promoter.


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